The white women of colonial India wrote extensively; they maintained journals and diaries, wrote letters home, authored novels and penned their memoirs. This anthology brings together a fascinating collection of such writings written over the period 1820s–1920s, focusing on their relations with ‘native’ women.
The compilation draws on the experiences of medical missionaries, travellers, journalists and administrators’ wives and is organised around key sites of contact. A comprehensive introduction by Indrani Sen places these writings in historical perspective.
The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be incomplete without mentioning the contributions of women. The sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place. They fought with true spirit and undaunted courage and faced various tortures, exploitations and hardships to earn us freedom. When most of the men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took change of the struggle.
The list of great women whose names have gone down in history for their dedication and undying devotion to the service of India is a long one. Woman’s participation in India’s freedom struggle began as early as in 1817.
The role played by women in the War of Independence (the Great Revolt) of 1857 was creditable and invited the admiration even leaders of the revolt. Indian women who joined the national movement belonged to educated and liberal families, as well as those from the rural areas and from all walk of life, all castes, religions and communities.
This book Women Entrepreneurships: Methodology Perspective and Technique has been written for the students of graduate and post graduate of all Indian universities. Some social thinker has been suggest that the new business in low income areas must be started through local initiative and the entrepreneurship is critical to the maintenance of a healthy economy. This book explore the links between entrepreneurship and rural development.
The viewpoint of basic economics the need for microfinance somewhat surprising one of the first lessons in introductory economics is the principle of diminishing marginal returns to capital which says that enterprises with relatively little capital should be able to earn higher returns on their investments than enterprises with a great deal of capital. Poorer enterprises should thus be able to pay banks higher interest rates than richer enterprises. Money should flow from rich depositors to poor entrepreneurs.
Widows are the unfortunate victims of nature and for centuries have been ill treated, facing deprivation, poor economic status, lack of social support, poor health and low education, denial of human rights to food, shelter, clothing and discrimination in relation to work, dignity and participation in the community life.
A study of Hindu widows residing in Vadodara in the year 2001-2002 was conducted with the objectives to study the problems of Hindu widows and their general conditions.
This book highlights the social, psychological and financial problems faced by Hindu widows. More awareness among widows can be spread through the electronic and print media regarding the different schemes, policies and shares beneficial to them through better management of resources.
Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy brings together 14 essays by feminist thinkers from different parts of the world, reflecting on the flaws in the current patterns of development and arguing for political, economic, and social changes to promote equality and sustainability. The essays are written in the context of the “triple crises” of food, fuel, and finance, and the underlying deep-seated problems of growing inequality, squeeze on time to provide unpaid care to family and friends, and environmentally unsustainable patterns of economic growth.
The authors argue that the very approach being taken to understand and measure progress, and plan for and evaluate development, needs rethinking in ways that draw on the experiences and knowledge of women. These influential feminist thinkers, activists, and academics have drawn upon their vast experience to identify new understandings, emerging issues and an asset of recommendations that help address the key issues of today.
All the essays, in diverse ways, offer proposals for alternative ideas to address the limitations and contradictions of currently dominant theories and practices in development, and move towards the creation of a socially just and egalitarian world.
Violence against women and girls continue to be a global epidemic that kills, torture, and maims-physically, psychologically, sexually and economically. It is one of the most pervasive of Human Rights Violations, denying women and girls equality, security, dignity, self-worth and human rights to enjoy fundamental freedoms. Violation against women is present in every country, cutting across boundaries of culture, class, education, income, ethnicity and age. Even though most societies proscribe violence against women, the realitiy is that violation against women’s human rights are often sanctioned under the garb of cultural practices and norms or through misinterpretation of religious tenets. Sidney Brandon has rightly said that ‘statistically it is safer to be on streets after dark with a stranger than at home in bosom of one’s family, for it is there that account murder and violence are likely to occur’ Therefore, no society can claim to be free of such violence.
The only variation is in the pattern and trends that exist in control of the region. The various problems touched upon in these articles are-criminalization of marital rape whereupon various court cases in Indian and foreign courts are reviewed and decisions of the apex courts are illustrated. Marital Rape exemption has granted husbands a right to have sexual intercourse with his wife though it is against her will and wishes or by making force against her. Marital Rape is preferably the worst type of rape, because it is some one a women knows, trusts, love, who commits this heinous act. Marital exemption and its historical background is delineated in the article. It further classifies the marital rape and its types.
The study examines legal framework regarding marital exemption in India. The recommendations of the Law Commission were drafted in form of Indian Penal Cod. Various articles and provisions in the Indian Constitution are also examined like equal protection of law and equality before law, right to life, and personal liberty. Marital Rape is cruelty and is domestic violence and finally various reasons for making marital rape as an offence is argued in the article. Finally the study reviews the position of marital rape in other countries and various provisions and articles enshrined in the United Nations various conventions and covenants are also discussed like Convention on the elimination of discrimination against women.
Domestic violence is not only prevailing in India but also a problem in the countries of the world. In Netherlands, it has become a common feature. In Australia, it is mot prolific. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, exists but it has put no effect on Indian society resultantly we learn daily news of burning of brides, suicides by brides and wives, so on and so forth. One research paper by Ashish Kumar Shukla, entitled, ‘Analytical Study of Domestic Violence Act, 2005, very comprehensively details the law, its scope, Domestic Violence Act, and International scenario with its main features. The paper has carried out a survey consisting of college girls and housewives including housewives and working women whether they know or aware of the Domestic Violence Act and their awareness level was also ascertained. it is very interesting that it is almost negligible.
Child abuse is an international social menace which is increasing day by day. Child abuse is a serious form of family violence. It is an accepted fact that parents or caretaker do abuse children, and, as a result of effects of concerned citizens and professionals, every state has adopted mandatory reporting laws. There has been great concern for the welfare of the children as international level culminating in Declaration of the Rights of Child adopted by the General Assembly of United Nations. Child shall be protected from all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation. The Government of India in pursuance of the constitutional provisions of clause (e) and (f) of the article 39, evolved a National Policy for the welfare of the Children. One such article, ‘Child Abuse: Violation of Human Rights’ is a very detailed informative article on the child abuse which defines the concept and types of child abuse with comprehensive details.
Child abuse is classified into three major types-Physical, Sexual and Emotional. These three forms of child abuse are also explained elaborately. Child sexual abuse has been defined as ‘the involvement of dependent and immature children in sexual activities they do not fully comprehend’. Juvenile Justice Act, 1986 defined child sexual abuse as ‘interaction between a child and an adult in which the child is being used for the sexual stimulation of the perpetrator or another person’ Child Abuse has been explained through theoretical explanations and, presents incidents of child abuse. India framed several National policies and programs and identified the children as ‘Supreme National Power’. These programs and policies remained simply on paper and are hot effectively implemented.
A Grief to Bury: Memories of Love, Work and Loss is a series of conversations with women about marriage and widowhood. The women speak here with frankness and candour about their often quite unconventional relationships with their husbands, and of coming to terms with the loss of a life-long partner. Despite the grief, despite an altered and often fractured sense of self, each woman is determined to live a productive and creative life.
Reflecting the social history of a class of women born before Independence, this volume explores how the institution of marriage shaped their lives. These are extraordinary women, who have lived rich, full lives where work has not been separated from leisure, nor has the private world of home and family been separated from the wider world of work and social commitment. As such they have redefined marriage and family, and equally the public sphere of work to make both inclusive spaces.
This collection of interviews raises important questions: Is it possible to retain your identity and hold on to your beliefs in a long marriage? What is the line that separates and insulates home and family from community and nation? How do these women breathe normally and smile graciously while coping with a shock that uproots and erases chunks of the self? What happens when a long and supportive partnership ends?
Eminent personalities, among them, Neera Desai, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Ela Bhatt, K. Saradamoni and Shanta Rameshwar Rao discuss their long partnerships of shared visions and love. Their choices, their struggles, and their indomitable will may provide answers to countless young people today. Apart from a general readership, this book will also appeal to students and scholars of sociology and gender studies.
Women Empowerment is the underpinning of trajectory of traits and travails of feminism which of late descended to be established as a shibboleth in the art and articulation of socio political lexicography. The present work unravels the sojourn of women of India since later the half of the 20th century in its quest for gender parity which was morphed into a political plank. The Constitutional constructions contemplations and caveat regarding the rubrics and fabrics of the status of women in pre and post Independent India is the Kernel of the present work wherein socio economic empowerment has been diagnosed as the panacea within the confines of classical and contemporary discourse on the thematiques in the present book embedded with national and international jurisprudential expositions juristic formulations and justicial justifications that makes it a worthy contribution.